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How to create your own duotone web icon font using Glyphs App

How to create your own duotone web icon font using Glyphs App

Vihanga nivarthana's photo
Vihanga nivarthana
ยทSep 7, 2022ยท

4 min read

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What are the duotone icons ?

We all know what a traditional single color web icon font is, but a duotone font is a completely different type of font that has two contrasting colors instead of one color. Fontawesome recently introduced their duotone icon font check it out here for full details about duotone icon fonts

The main technique behind duotone icons

duotone_science.png

For instance, A + B = AB . So the main technique to create this is to layer two Unicode characters on top of each other using CSS.

Let's start creating our first duotone icon font

I found a perfect duotone design on Dribbble to start making our font.

Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 12.07.46 AM.png

The very first step

The first step is to convert some selected icons from the icons in the Dribbble shot to vector format using illustrator.

illustrator_preview

Second step (Glyphs app)

From now on, all things should be done through the Glyphs app. Open the Glyphs app and remove all digits, numbers and special characters.

remove_all_glyphs.png

After removing the digits and numbers, we need to create a new glyph.

new_glyphs.png

Next, copy one of the icons designed by Illustrator and paste it into the glyph.

illustrator_to_glyphs.png

glyphs_pasted.png

Now we need to duplicate our Glyph

duplicate.png

This part should be done very carefully. We need to carefully separate the two parts that we want to show in two tones.

breakdown@2x-8.png

duo1.png

duo2.png

After removing the unwanted tone, it should look like this.

duo3.png

** Private Use Areas (PUA)**

A private use area is a freely available Unicode range that is not assigned. We can use this for personal use. Read more about this here.

You can know about Unicode range of Private Areas from here

The private use areas range is from U+E000 to U+F8FF

Unicode assigning

Since the range of Private Use Areas starts at E000, we assign E000 Unicode to our first glyph.

And for the second glyph, let's assign Unicode E001. ๐Ÿ‘‡

If you added more icons, assign the Unicodes accordingly.

Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 11.07.48 AM.png

Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 11.07.54 AM.png

Now let's export the font

Add a proper family name to the font first to export.

Screenshot 2022-09-06 at 9.22.21 PM.png

then let's export the font. Make sure to add a check mark to the WOFF and WOFF2.

Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 11.42.19 AM.png

**The third step ( implementation) **

Now we are ready to implement our icon font After exporting the font, we can see three files like this

  • WOFF

  • WOFF2

  • TTF

Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 12.10.38 PM.png

Let's open these three files with vs code to implement the icon. Then two files should be created as index.html and main.css .

We need to add the exported font to the CSS file we can use css ``` @font-face



![Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 12.18.33 PM.png](https://cdn.hashnode.com/res/hashnode/image/upload/v1662533347952/d7dBMhyX5.png align="center")

After adding the font files, we need to add our font family to the icon class.


![Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 12.20.24 PM.png](https://cdn.hashnode.com/res/hashnode/image/upload/v1662533500802/ZK3t7MrIH.png align="center")

This is another most important step. Now we need to use the Unicode used when creating the font. What we're going to do in this step is layer our separated icon pieces on top of each other. For that, we are going to use absolute positioning.


![Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 12.22.44 PM.png](https://cdn.hashnode.com/res/hashnode/image/upload/v1662533835468/mTOWLlmGq.png align="center")

Here we use CSS variables to assign the colors and opacity is used to achieve the duotone effect.

Full CSS source code ๐Ÿ‘‡

@font-face { font-family: "duotone"; src: url("duotone-Regular.ttf") format("truetype"), url("duotone-Regular.woff") format("woff"); font-weight: normal; font-style: normal; font-display: block; }

[class^="icon-"], [class*=" icon-"] { font-family: "duotone" !important; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; font-variant: normal; text-transform: none; line-height: 1; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; }

/* Calender */ .icon-calender { color: var(--primary); } .icon-calender::before { content: "\E000"; opacity: 0.4; color: var(--secondary); position: absolute; } .icon-calender::after { content: "\E001"; }

/* Note */ .icon-note { color: var(--primary); } .icon-note::before { content: "\E002"; opacity: 0.4; color: var(--secondary); position: absolute; } .icon-note::after { content: "\E003"; }


now lets move on to the html part

We can define our icon font like any other icon font, but we can apply the desired color with an inline style, so we can easily achieve the duotone effect.

![Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 12.48.25 PM.png](https://cdn.hashnode.com/res/hashnode/image/upload/v1662535121022/rvGr5MVuB.png align="center")

</br>

Full HTML source code ๐Ÿ‘‡

This is the Final preview of our duotone icon font

Screenshot 2022-09-06 at 9.44.06 PM.png

Summary

In this article, we have created our own duotone icon font using Glyphs App and CSS. We use Illustrator to vectorize the icons, and then use the Glyphs App to generate those icons into a font. By using CSS, we easily achieve the duotone effect.

you can find the full source code from here

Thank you for reading ๐Ÿ™‚ !

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